It was recently proved that any strictly stationary stochastic process can be viewed as an autoregressive process of order one with coloured noise. Furthermore, it was proved that, using this characterisation, one can define closed form estimators for the model parameter based on autocovariance estimators for several different lags. However, this estimation procedure may fail in some special cases. In this article, a detailed analysis of these special cases is provided. In particular, it is proved that these cases correspond to degenerate processes.
Stationary processes have been extensively studied in the literature. Their applications include modeling and forecasting numerous real life phenomena such as natural disasters, sales and market movements. When stationary processes are considered, modeling is traditionally based on fitting an autoregressive moving average (ARMA) process. However, we challenge this conventional approach. Instead of fitting an ARMA model, we apply an AR(1) characterization in modeling any strictly stationary processes. Moreover, we derive consistent and asymptotically normal estimators of the corresponding model parameter.
We show that every multiparameter Gaussian process with integrable variance function admits a Wiener integral representation of Fredholm type with respect to the Brownian sheet. The Fredholm kernel in the representation can be constructed as the unique symmetric square root of the covariance. We analyze the equivalence of multiparameter Gaussian processes by using the Fredholm representation and show how to construct series expansions for multiparameter Gaussian processes by using the Fredholm kernel.
We study asymptotic normality of the randomized periodogram estimator of quadratic variation in the mixed Brownian–fractional Brownian model. In the semimartingale case, that is, where the Hurst parameter H of the fractional part satisfies $H\in (3/4,1)$, the central limit theorem holds. In the nonsemimartingale case, that is, where $H\in (1/2,3/4]$, the convergence toward the normal distribution with a nonzero mean still holds if $H=3/4$, whereas for the other values, that is, $H\in (1/2,3/4)$, the central convergence does not take place. We also provide Berry–Esseen estimates for the estimator.