This paper represents an extended version of an earlier note . The concept of weighted entropy takes into account values of different outcomes, i.e., makes entropy context-dependent, through the weight function. We analyse analogs of the Fisher information inequality and entropy power inequality for the weighted entropy and discuss connections with weighted Lieb’s splitting inequality. The concepts of rates of the weighted entropy and information are also discussed.
A random flight on a plane with non-isotropic displacements at the moments of direction changes is considered. In the case of exponentially distributed flight lengths a Gaussian limit theorem is proved for the position of a particle in the scheme of series when jump lengths and non-isotropic displacements tend to zero. If the flight lengths have a folded Cauchy distribution the limiting distribution of the particle position is a convolution of the circular bivariate Cauchy distribution with a Gaussian law.