The paper deals with a generalization of the risk model with stochastic premiums where dependence structures between claim sizes and inter-claim times as well as premium sizes and inter-premium times are modeled by Farlie–Gumbel–Morgenstern copulas. In addition, dividends are paid to its shareholders according to a threshold dividend strategy. We derive integral and integro-differential equations for the Gerber–Shiu function and the expected discounted dividend payments until ruin. Next, we concentrate on the detailed investigation of the model in the case of exponentially distributed claim and premium sizes. In particular, we find explicit formulas for the ruin probability in the model without either dividend payments or dependence as well as for the expected discounted dividend payments in the model without dependence. Finally, numerical illustrations are presented.
In various research areas related to decision making, problems and their solutions frequently rely on certain functions being monotonic. In the case of non-monotonic functions, one would then wish to quantify their lack of monotonicity. In this paper we develop a method designed specifically for this task, including quantification of the lack of positivity, negativity, or sign-constancy in signed measures. We note relevant applications in Insurance, Finance, and Economics, and discuss some of them in detail.