The paper discusses several techniques which may be used for applying the coupling method to solutions of stochastic differential equations (SDEs). The coupling techniques traditionally consist of two components: one is local mixing, the other is recurrence. Often in the articles they do not split. Yet, they are quite different in their nature, and this paper separates them, concentrating only on the former.
Most of the techniques discussed here work in dimension $d\ge 1$, although, in $d=1$ there is one additional option to use intersections of trajectories, which requires nothing but the strong Markov property and nondegeneracy of the diffusion coefficient. In dimensions $d>1$ it is possible to use embedded Markov chains either by considering discrete times $n=0,1,\dots $, or by arranging special stopping time sequences and to use the local Markov–Dobrushin (MD) condition, which is one of the most efficient versions of local mixing. Further applications may be based on one or another version of the MD condition; respectively, this paper is devoted to various methods of verifying one or another form of it.
The existence and uniqueness of a global positive solution is proven for the system of stochastic differential equations describing a nonautonomous stochastic predator–prey model with a modified version of the Leslie–Gower term and Holling-type II functional response disturbed by white noise, centered and noncentered Poisson noises. Sufficient conditions are obtained for stochastic ultimate boundedness, stochastic permanence, nonpersistence in the mean, weak persistence in the mean and extinction of a solution to the considered system.
This paper investigates sample paths properties of φ-sub-Gaussian processes by means of entropy methods. Basing on a particular entropy integral, we treat the questions on continuity and the rate of growth of sample paths. The obtained results are then used to investigate the sample paths properties for a particular class of φ-sub-Gaussian processes related to the random heat equation. We derive the estimates for the distribution of suprema of such processes and evaluate their rate of growth.
We consider continuous-time Markov chains on integers which allow transitions to adjacent states only, with alternating rates. This kind of processes are useful in the study of chain molecular diffusions. We give explicit formulas for probability generating functions, and also for means, variances and state probabilities of the random variables of the process. Moreover we study independent random time-changes with the inverse of the stable subordinator, the stable subordinator and the tempered stable subordinator. We also present some asymptotic results in the fashion of large deviations. These results give some generalizations of those presented in [Journal of Statistical Physics 154 (2014), 1352–1364].
In a continuous time nonlinear regression model the residual correlogram is considered as an estimator of the stationary Gaussian random noise covariance function. For this estimator the functional central limit theorem is proved in the space of continuous functions. The result obtained shows that the limiting sample continuous Gaussian random process coincides with the limiting process in the central limit theorem for standard correlogram of the random noise in the specified regression model.
In this paper, we study the stochastic three-dimensional modified Leray-alpha model arising from the turbulent flows of fluids. We prove the existence of the probabilistic weak solution under the non-Lipschitz condition for the nonlinear forcing terms. We also discuss its uniqueness.