Metatimes constitute an extension of time-change to general measurable spaces, defined as mappings between two σ-algebras. Equipping the image σ-algebra of a metatime with a measure and defining the composition measure given by the metatime on the domain σ-algebra, we identify metatimes with bounded linear operators between spaces of square integrable functions. We also analyse the possibility to define a metatime from a given bounded linear operator between Hilbert spaces, which we show is possible for invertible operators. Next we establish a link between orthogonal random measures and cylindrical random variables following a classical construction. This enables us to view metatime-changed orthogonal random measures as cylindrical random variables composed with linear operators, where the linear operators are induced by metatimes. In the paper we also provide several results on the basic properties of metatimes as well as some applications towards trawl processes.
This paper investigates sample paths properties of φ-sub-Gaussian processes by means of entropy methods. Basing on a particular entropy integral, we treat the questions on continuity and the rate of growth of sample paths. The obtained results are then used to investigate the sample paths properties for a particular class of φ-sub-Gaussian processes related to the random heat equation. We derive the estimates for the distribution of suprema of such processes and evaluate their rate of growth.
In the paper we consider higher-order partial differential equations from the class of linear dispersive equations. We investigate solutions to these equations subject to random initial conditions given by harmonizable φ-sub-Gaussian processes. The main results are the bounds for the distributions of the suprema for solutions. We present the examples of processes for which the assumptions of the general result are verified and bounds are written in the explicit form. The main result is also specified for the case of Gaussian initial condition.
Moment inequalities for a class of functionals of i.i.d. random fields are proved. Then rates are derived in the central limit theorem for weighted sums of such randoms fields via an approximation by m-dependent random fields.
We show that every multiparameter Gaussian process with integrable variance function admits a Wiener integral representation of Fredholm type with respect to the Brownian sheet. The Fredholm kernel in the representation can be constructed as the unique symmetric square root of the covariance. We analyze the equivalence of multiparameter Gaussian processes by using the Fredholm representation and show how to construct series expansions for multiparameter Gaussian processes by using the Fredholm kernel.
We prove that a square-integrable set-indexed stochastic process is a set-indexed Brownian motion if and only if its projection on all the strictly increasing continuous sequences are one-parameter G-time-changed Brownian motions. In addition, we study the “sequence-independent variation” property for group stationary-increment stochastic processes in general and for a set-indexed Brownian motion in particular. We present some applications.
Our paper starts from presentation and comparison of three definitions for the self-similar field. The interconnection between these definitions has been established. Then we consider the Lamperti scaling transformation for the self-similar field and investigate the connection between the scaling transformation for such field and the shift transformation for the corresponding stationary field. It was also shown that the fractional Brownian sheet has the ergodic scaling transformation. The strong limit theorems for the anisotropic growth of the sample paths of the self-similar field at 0 and at ∞ for the upper and lower functions have been proved. It was obtained the upper bound for growth of the field with ergodic scaling transformation for slowly varying functions. We present some examples of iterated log-type limits for the Gaussian self-similar random fields.